REMOTE ACTIVITY GUIDANCE FOR THE ELDERLY UTILIZING LIGHT PROJECTION, ACTA UNIVERSITATIS OULUENSIS A Scientiae Rerum Naturalium 722
|Kustantaja:||Oulun yliopisto|| |
|Sijainti:||Print Tietotalo|| |
|Tekijät:||ASGHAR MUHAMMAD ZEESHAN|| |
Natural ageing brings with it many physical and cognitive impairments in the elderly, which
challenges them in independently performing their daily activities. Many assistive technologies
such as alarms, mobile phones, and video conferencing are available to support the elderly and
their caregivers. However, these technologies require constant interaction and attention.
Augmented Reality (AR) can be used to remotely guide the elderly in their daily tasks. From all
known techniques, projection-based AR is suitable for the elderly because the digital information
can be displayed on any real surface or any object without interaction or holding the devices.
This doctoral thesis focuses on developing solutions to remotely guide the elderly in their daily
activities through a caregiver. We adopted the design science methodology to iteratively design,
implement and evaluate these solutions. Two constructs were developed for navigation activities
utilizing laser projection and four constructs were built for cooking activities using fixed
projection. We evaluated each construct in terms of feasibility and usability with actual elderly
people, some of them have some form of memory problem.
The results demonstrate how remote collaboration systems can be developed to guide the
elderly in daily activities through a caregiver. The existing devices can be equipped with
projection-based AR technology and elderly are willing to use it. The findings also suggest that
augmented reality could help design systems for other daily activities such as shopping, or
cleaning dishes, in order to improve the autonomy, quality of life, safety and well-being of the