RESONANCE IN STORYTELLING: VERBAL, PROSODIC AND EMBODIED PRACTICES OF STANCE TAKING, ACTA UNIVERSITATIS OULUENSIS B Humaniora 95
|ISBN-13:||978-951-42-9416-7 || |
|Kustantaja:||Oulun yliopisto|| |
|Oppiaine:||Kielet, kirjallisuus|| |
|Sijainti:||Print Tietotalo|| |
|Tekijät:||NIEMELÄ MAARIT || |
This study examines stories as they appear in everyday conversation, focusing on the high degreeof parallelism observed in them. Such parallelism is shown to be a vehicle of stance taking ininteraction. Stance taking is here viewed as a highly intersubjective and interactive, public, multi-layered activity, which involves words, linguistic structures, voices, the body and the surroundingenvironment, and is embedded in the sequential organisation of social interaction. Stance takinginvolves various types of resonance between two interaction participants and also between theinteractional turns of one participant. The concept of resonance is treated as the process ofactivating affinity across dialogic turns of talk within a telling or a series of tellings.
The present study uses both audio and video recordings of naturally-occuring everydayinteractions as data. The study first shows that voiced direct reported speech (DRS) utterancesdisplaying a shared stance are an appropriate response to prior voiced DRS utterances and that asequence of subsequent resonant voiced DRS utterances is an orderly phenomenon in interactionand a sequentially relevant practice of stance taking. Secondly, the study explicates the way inwhich participants use resonant words, structures, voicing and embodiment, and implicate thesurrounding environment in constructing a reporting space. The reporting space enables andinvites active participation in the form of multimodal enactments from all the participants of thetelling event to the overall stance-taking activity within the storytelling sequence. Thirdly, thestudy details the use of resonating formal storytelling elements functioning as a resource for stancetaking, e.g. the preface of a second telling by second tellers ties back to the preface and the highpoint of a prior telling. Finally, the study examines the way in which multiple actions, such astroubles telling, delivering news, giving an explanation and requesting advice, are accomplishedvia repeated tellings of a story in different interactional contexts. Similar structural units of suchtellings resonate in form, whereas some lexico-syntactic details of these units vary according tothe social actions that are being accomplished via the tellings, according to the engagement of therecipient in the telling and to the physical circumstances of the telling.